Михаил Гаспаров как деконструктивист: Заметки к теме
The article discusses the metatheoretical views of Mikhail Gasparov which he presented in a fragmentary manner in his theoretical works from the 1990s and early 2000s (mostly dealing with key figures of Russian literary theory: Yurii Tynyanov, Mikhail Bakhtin, Boris Yarkho and Juri Lotman), and also in his books Records and Extracts (2001) and Experimental Translations (2003). A polemic with French poststructuralists, and Jacques Derrida in particular, is prominently featured in Gasparov’s writings, and is conducted more emotionally than any of his other theoretical discussions. The article examines the possible reasons of this emotional attitude and suggests that in his late works Gasparov’s own method is quite close to deconstruction. On careful examination, it becomes apparent that his criticism addresses not so much Derrida’s method as such, but the ideology that he sees behind it. I attempt to show that Gasparov tried to redefine, reassign and appropriate deconstruction, depriving it of its Derridean philosophical background and filling it with his own content. This is most consistently carried out in the Experimental Translations.