Опыт использования инструментария геоинформационного подхода на примере русско-шведской границы, установленной по результатам Столбовского мира 1617 г.
The history of boundaries is the subject of different sciences including history itself, geography, anthropology, sociology and many other disciplines. The correlation of the theoretical interpretations of the borders’ development and the factual historical data is the most difficult problem to be solved. In order to resolve this problem in a consistent manner the modern instrument of the geoinformation systems (GIS) can be used. The article is showing how the different layers and interpretations can be consistently overlaid on the map on the case of the Russian-Swedish border history after 1617.
Paper presented on the Russian-Finnish seminar of historians 1617 / 1917: LANDMARKS OF TIME AND SPACE (Petrozavodsk, September 7—8, 2017)
The article analyzes the new concept in Geoinformatics — geoknowledge. The article describes the main types of geoknowledge. The article reveals the content geoknowledge. The article describes the difference between the geoinformation and geographic knowledge. The article describes the relationship and differences between spatial, declarative and procedural knowledge. The article describes the georeference as the basis of receiving and presenting geoknowledge. The connection between spatial relations and geoknowledge. The article describes the linguistic peculiarities of spatial relations. The article describes the spatial information of the situation. The paper describes the graphic model information interaction of spatial objects.
The article describe the amount and the archive fate of “Porubezhbye Acty” collection in the Research Archives in St. Petersburg Institute for History. The collection is the remains of “the archives of the Ambassador Department,, Novgorod Goverbor’s Chamber, 17th century. The collection includes documents connected with the bordercrossing of 17th century embassies, with making the guarded borderline in 1629-1630, with foreign military recruiting in 1630s, with the conversations on the repatriation of prisoners and deserters. In 18th century the archives was discovered and taken to the Academy of Sciences but then it was forgotten and rediscovered only in 20th century
The book is a study of Russian-Swedish borderland in 17th centuryy, shaped after 1617. The main source of the research is the collection "Borderland ACts" from Research ARchive in St.Petersburg Institute for Russian History other archival collections from Russian and Swedish archives are also used in the study. The history of borderland shaping is studied in the comparative context of political and cultural history of Eastern Baltic area in 13-17th cc. Changes in infrastructure, day-to-day life and specific borderland culture are also under consideration
The book deal with the history of stydung and publishing the articles of Stolbovo Treaty 1617. Special chapter of the booj tells about the history of envoys and conversations before the Treaty was signed. The third chapter is about the providing of some Treaty articles, first of all - marking the border. The conclusion is about how the geritage of the Treaty is or was alive through contemporary historical policy and historical memory
The article describes thefeatures of comparstive planetary science as academic discipline. The article shows the components of the Comparative Planetology. The article reveals the integration aspect of the discipline. The article compares the Geo-Informatics and Comparative Planetology.
The Baikal region in Siberia had long been a zone of interactions between various European, Asian and global actors. Numerous relational spaces which were produced by the interactions were reconstructed in a geographic information system (GIS) and analysed jointly. The fall of the Qing and Russian empires resulted in energetic attempts to redraw administrative and international boundaries. Between 1917 and 1919 several disentanglement projects were developed and implemented by different actors, including indigenous intellectuals and Buddhist monks. These were the Buryat Autonomy proclaimed in 1917; the Buddhist theocracy created by a dissident Buddhist monk Lubsan Samdan Tsydenov; and the pan-Mongolian federation of Inner, Outer, Hulunbuir and Buryat Mongolia supported by Japanese officers and a regional Cossack leader Grigory Semenov. Each project underlined a certain group identity and claimed particular relational spaces. The article explored how the conflicts between overlapping identities were resolved, and why all three projects failed.
Human reasoning uses to distinguish things that do change and things do not. The latter are commonly expressed in the reasoning as objects, which may represent classes or instances, and classes being further divided into concept types and relation types. These became the main issue of knowledge engineering and have been well tractable by computer. The former kind of things, meanwhile, inevitably evokes consideration not only of a ``thing-that-changes'' but also of ``change-of-a-thing'' and thus claims that the change itself be another entity that needs to be comprehended and handled. This special entity, being treated from different perspectives as event, (changeable) state, transformation, process, scenario and the like, remains a controversial philosophical, linguistic and scientific entity and has gained notably less systematic attention by knowledge engineers than non-changing things. In particular, there is no clarity in how to express the change in knowledge engineering -– as some specific concept or relation type, as a statement, or proposition, in which subject is related to predicate(s), or in another way. There seems to be an agreement among the scientists that time has to be related, explicitly or implicitly, to everything we regard as change -– but the way it should be related, and whether this should be exactly the time or some generic property or condition, is also an issue of debate. To bring together the researchers who study representation of change in knowledge engineering both in fundamental and applied aspects, a workshop on Modeling States, Events, Processes and Scenarios (MSEPS 2013) was run on 12 January, 2013, in the framework of the 20th International Conference on Conceptual Structures (ICCS 2013) in Mumbai, India. Seven submissions were selected for presentation that cover major approaches to representation of the change and address such diverse domains of knowledge as biology, geology, oceanography, physics, chemistry and also some multidisciplinary contexts. Concept maps of biological and other transformations were presented by Meena Kharatmal and Nagarjuna Gadiradju. Their approach stems from conceptual graphs of Sowa and represents the vision of change as a particular type of concept or, likely, relation, defined by meaning rather than by formal properties. The work of Prima Gustiene and Remigijus Gustas follows a congenial approach but develops a different notation for representation of the change based on specified actor dependencies in application to business issues concerning privacy-related data. Nataly Zhukova, Oksana Smirnova and Dmitry Ignatov explore the structure of oceanographic data in concern of opportunity of their representation by event ontologies and conceptual graphs. Vladimir Anokhin and Biju Longhinos examine another Earth science, geotectonics, and demonstrate that its long-lasting methodological problems urge application of knowledge engineering methods, primarily engineering of knowledge about events and processes. They suggest a draft of application strategy of knowledge engineering in geotectonics and claim for a joint interdisciplinary effort in this direction. Doji Lokku and Anuradha Alladi introduce a concept of ``purposefulness'' for any human action and suggest a modeling approach based on it in the systems theory context. In this approach, intellectual means for reaching a purpose are regarded either as structure of a system, in which the purpose is achieved, or as a process that takes place in this system. These means are exposed to different concerns of knowledge, which may be either favorable or not to achieving the purpose. The resulting framework perhaps can be described in a conceptual-graph-related way but is also obviously interpretable as a statement-based pattern, more or less resembling the event bush (Pshenichny et al., 2009). This binds all the aforementioned works with the last two contributions, which represent an approach based on understanding of the change as a succession of events (including at least one event), the latter being expressed as a statement with one subject and finite number of predicates. The method of event bush that materializes this approach, previously applied mostly in the geosciences, is demonstrated here in application to physical modeling by Cyril Pshenichny, Roberto Carniel and Paolo Diviacco and to chemical and experimental issues, by Cyril Pshenichny. The reported results and their discussion form an agenda for future meetings, discussions and publications. This agenda includes, though is not limited to, - logical tools for processes modeling, - visual notations for dynamic knowledge representation, - graph languages and graph semantics, - semantic science applications, - event-driven reasoning, - ontological modeling of events and time, - process mining, - modeling of events, states, processes and scenarios in particular domains and interdisciplinary contexts. The workshop has marked the formation of a new sub-discipline in the knowledge engineering, and future effort will be directed to consolidate its conceptual base and transform the existing diversity of approaches to representation of the change into an arsenal of complementary tools sharpened for various spectral regions of tasks in different domains.