Внутренние факторы результативности экспорта образования в российских вузах
A survey was carried out in order to analyze the relationship between the universities’ internal factors and the indicators of their education export performance. Quantitative data was collected to describe the activities of Russian universities over recent years. Regression analysis was used to identify relationship between the indicators. The sample consisted of 173 universities from different federal districts of Russia. Achievement of the research goal necessitated the construction and quantitative assessment of various regression model specifications calculated based on how variable values changed over time. Estimates confirm a positive relationship between the number of international network partnerships, the number of double degree programs, and success in education export. The degree of diversification of education programs available to international students correlates negatively with enrollment of foreign students. The cost of educational services and the level of commercialization of higher education for foreign students demonstrate a positive relationship with education export revenues but show no relationship with the number of foreign students in a university. No relationship was found between online presence of universities, implementation of transnational education programs and education export performance. The findings are used to discuss promising vectors of education export development for Russian universities.
On peut aujourd’hui rencontrer un nombre assez important d’Africains qui ont terminé des études supérieures européennes et qui doivent faire un choix : retourner dans leur patrie ou rester en Europe (ou partir en Amérique, au Canada, en Australie). Pour la plupart d’entre eux, le choix est néanmoins évident : ils restent. Ayant passé plusieurs années dans un pays européen, ils n’accepteront plus pour eux-mêmes les conditions qui existent chez eux sur le Continent, tant en ce qui concerne la politique, l’économie, que la vie quotidienne. Pourquoi leurs parents, qui étaient étudiants eux aussi dans des établissements d’enseignement supérieur européens au milieu du XXe siècle, firent-ils tout leur possible pour retourner en Afrique, alors que ceux de la génération actuelle affirment que, pour eux et pour leurs enfants, la seule possibilité est de rester vivre dans la société européenne ? Qu’est-ce qui pousse aujourd’hui les jeunes gens originaires des pays africains à refuser de marcher dans les pas de leurs parents, à refuser d’accepter les règles de la société de leur pays d’origine, et refuser, au fond, de repartir de zéro, plutôt que de rester en Europe ? Et qu’est-ce qui est déterminant dans ce choix : les années de formation dans un autre pays, qui leur permettent de voir autrement le monde, un monde qui ne ressemble pas à celui dans lequel ils sont nés, ou est-ce la situation politique et économique des Etats africains, qui explique pourquoi les jeunes gens éduqués ne souhaitent pas revenir ?
International Student Recruitment and Mobility in Non-Anglophone Countries offers a detailed analysis of global dimensions and trends in international student mobility and recruitment. It examines current data on student flows, policies and instruments, obstacles and opportunities for recruitment, and the roles of multiple stakeholders, from different parts of the world.
Considering the current geopolitical developments and tensions, increased competition for global talent, health and sustainability concerns, growing nationalism, and other factors, non-Anglophone countries are likely to increase their recruitment efforts moving forward. This book highlights the initiatives and instruments of these countries to attract international students and build long-term internationalization strategies.
With case studies from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, International Student Recruitment and Mobility in Non-Anglophone Countries is a must-read text for international education policy advisors at the national and institutional levels and in the international higher education industry around the globe.
Universities which produce massive open online courses (MOOCs) and offer them on global e-learning platforms define internationalization as one of their main objectives. Empirical research that test the impact of MOOC production on international students’ enrollment is still rare. Present study is the first stage of bridging this gap. To do so, correlation analysis is applied to two data sets, which are universities MOOC portfolio derived from Class Central aggregator and international students statistics from QS World Universities Ranking. Three hundred top MOOC producers which are universities from different countries were analyzed. No strong statistically significant correlation was found. The same is true for the US universities as a subsample. Further research regarding annual statistics is required to continue the discussion and to approach the interrelation between MOOC production and its impact on university key performance indicators.
In 2014, International Summer University was launched at Higher School of Economics in addition to other summer programs. The Summer University (SU) is a platform where students from all over the world come for two months to take courses by HSE’s leading professors. SU is aimed at three equally important goals: making regular HSE programs and exchange education (exchange programs, study abroad) attractive for international students, internationalising educational processes at HSE, and improving the university’s international visibility. On the one hand, the Summer University shares some features typical for traditional summer schools, on the other hand, it is quite different from other short-term educational programs. In this brief paper I will try to: a) identify SU student body; b) analyse SU student body; c) outline prospects for further development.
The article is devoted to the problem of training tutors to support international students in multicultural educational environment of modern university. Scientific interest in this problem is caused by the processes of internationalization of higher education, the need to solve the tasks connected with international students’ academic and sociocultural adjustment, their full participation in the process of education. The authors discuss the specific problems of tutoring international students, in particular organizational and pedagogic, managerial and methodological problems. The article presents the educational technology “Tutors’ psychological and pedagogical workshop” which allows to build flexibly the content of activity, to respond to the requests, to integrate different types, forms and methods in the process of training tutors to support international students in modern multicultural educational environment. The educational technology is considered in the article as systematic, stage-by-stage implementation of pedagogical process with the use of personal, instrumental and methodic means for the development of the stuff professional competence in higher education institution. The authors prove unit-modular structure of the technology discussed, analyze and explain the content of the target unit, experimental-training, constructive-research, reflexive-analytical units. The results of the research are of pedagogical interest, they can serve as a basis for technological approach implementation in the process of teaching the university staff to support international students at all levels of higher education.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management