Цифровое предприятие: трансформация в новую реальность
This article discusses the characteristic changes in management practices occurring in the context of the digital transformation of business. It shows the mutual interconnections of these changes, as well as the links to changes in the organizational culture of the organization. Among the new management practices reviewed are those both at the level of the enterprise as a whole (digital products, digital business models, digital management of value creation chains, digital business processes), as well as on the local level in adoption of management decisions - unlimited knowledge and management of the enterprise in real time (Real Time Enterprise). The article demonstrates the need for formation of certain cultural norms in the organization, including total knowledge management and an orientation to rapid changes. Review is made of the succession and qualitative distinctions of traditional automation from digitalization of enterprises. We discuss the possibility of using theories and methods connected with such concepts as complementary assets for research into new forms of organization for the digital enterprise. The article also presents a research program conducted in the framework of a program for digital transformation of activities of the OJSC Surgutneftegaz, Orbita 2.0. In the given research program the accent is placed on analysis of the problem of sustainability of the organization. In order for the organization to be flexible and changeable, it should periodically be in a condition of instability. In the contrary case, strong resistance to change will develop in it. The search for principles and forms of organization ensuring the controllability of sustainable organizations _ is an important area of this research.