Феноменология преступлений, совершенных с использованием современных информационных технологий
Phenomenology - in literal interpretation is none other than the doctrine of phenomena, i.e. about the observed phenomena or events. In modern philosophy, it acts as a method of scientific analysis of consciousness and immanent, a priori structures of human existence. This article is the result of applying this method to setting and understanding the best ways to solve problems directly related to the investigation of crimes committed using modern information technologies. Having resorted to historical generalizations, the author made an attempt to find an answer to the question why, against the backdrop of the scientific achievements of domestic criminalistics, with so many new ideas, concepts, technologies, forensic algorithms and investigation programs, progress in combating crime remains unobservable? The main reason for this state of affairs he sees in the fact that Russian criminalistics for a long time developed apart from the leading foreign research schools. At the same time, such a state of the world is still preserved, despite the global integration processes that have taken hold practically all the countries of the world. As the main direction of overcoming the crisis phenomena, the author positions the implementation in the scientific resources of domestic criminalistics of modern information technologies in general, and, to increase the effectiveness of combating crimes committed using computer and network capabilities, in particular. He considers the fight against them to be an international problem, since measures to prevent, detect, uncover and investigate crimes committed using modern information technologies can not be effective only at the national level, because of the transnational and transborder nature of the Internet itself. Given the continuing increase in the number of its users, which naturally causes their dependence on the information community and the vulnerability of all kinds of cyber attacks, a scientific analysis of the current state of investigation of crimes of this kind is made and recommendations are formulated to improve the effectiveness of this activity.