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Article

Об одном атрибуте деятельного ума у Аристотеля.

Abstract: This paper examines one attribute of the active intellect (νοῦς ποιητικός) — ἕξις
(disposition, quality). In “De Anima” (III.) Aristotle characterizes νοῦς ποιητικός “as a kind
of disposition (ὡς ἕξις τις), like light.” Why does Aristotle call the active intellect ἕξις? There
are two difficulties here. () If ἕξις is some sort of quality or property (as it is sometimes
taken to be), how can it be “unmixed, separated, eternal and immortal”, as Aristotle further
characterizes it? () The second difficulty concerns the Aristotelian comparison of the active
intellect with the light. Though it is often considered to be a simple figure of speech, I contend
that Aristotle’s comparison between the active intellect and the light is not a mere metaphor.
Since the light and the active intellect are “some ἕξις”, the clarification of the phenomenon of
light may help to clarify what active intellect is.