Т.И.Заславская как экономист и социолог: путь в науку и в науке (часть 1)
The paper seeks to generate insights as to the way made to science and in science by one of Russia’s leading social economists and sociologists T. I. Zaslavskaya (1927 – 2013). Zaslavskaya’s way to science is described in connection with her socialization and professionalization, her civic position as well as with the mentoring traditions of her teachers and herself as the Teacher and a founder of her own school of thought. The paper identifies the consistency of key concepts integral to the economic and sociological periods of Zaslavskaya’s academic career and points out the growing expansion and complexity of her research area. Special emphasis is made on the up-to-date significance of the concepts and theories developed by Zaslavskaya over years for social economics, economic and general sociology and an interdisciplinary conceptualization of post-communist transformations.
The manual covers the main software requirements for the study of sociological concepts of social development, defined competencies (knowledge, skills), which must be received by students at the end of the semester. Courtesy summary (substantial part of the course), job practical work, the issues for independent work, assignments for classroom control and tasks for self-control, tasks for individual and independent work, business games.
The manual is addressed to students of day and correspondence forms of training areas of training: 0501 Economy and Entrepreneurship specialty 8.050101, Economic Theory - ET. It can be used as a tutorial, help in the preparation for practical training, and monitoring of modular, the tests overall. Will assist in the practical work of the teacher.
This paper develops a strategy for investigating the new institutionalism in economic sociology. An analytical scheme is proposed to link institutional arrangements, structure of incentives, and conceptions of control. Questions regarding the legitimacy of claims on resources and profits, contract enforcements, and business networking are discussed on the theoretical level.
The Routledge Handbook of European Sociology explores the main aspects of the work and scholarship of European sociologists during the last sixty years (1950-2010), a period that has shaped the methods and identity of the sociological craft. European social theory has produced a vast constellation of theoretical landscapes with a far reaching impact. At the same time there has been diversity and fragmentation, the influence of American sociology, and the effect of social practice and transformations. The guiding question is: does European Sociology really exist today, and if the answer is positive, what does this really mean? Divided into four parts, the Handbook investigates: intellectual and institutional settings regional variations thematic variations European concerns. The Handbook will provides a set of state-of-the-art accounts that break new ground, each contribution teasing out the distinctively European features of the sociological theme it explores. It will be of interest to students and scholars across the social sciences and humanities.
Performativity in action: Michel Callon's economy of qualities as a paradigm for sociological analysis of markets An alternative research program has been emerging in economic sociology in last decade. It rejects the critique of homo economicus in favour of examining why economic agents progressively resemble this economic conception of man. The new approach relies on thesis of performativity of economics, according to which the distribution of economic knowledge and technology dramatically changes economic practice, thereby increasing the verisimilitude of economic theories. Calculativeness can be considered now as a key feature of the man and his technological environment. This paper demonstrates how performativity thesis combined with the theory of monopolistic competition can provide a paradigm for economicsociological research of markets, which would be able to take full account of increasing structuring impact of economic technologies on economic practices.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.