Социальный капитал и аккультурационные стратегии как факторы социокультурной адаптации мигрантов из Центральной и Средней Азии в московском регионе
The article sets theoretical ground for the content and structure of the “altruistic investment” networking strategy as one of the strategies of individual social behavior. Altruistic investment is based, firstly, on the value of a benevolent attitude toward all people; secondly, the desire of the individual to improve the “social situation” for all its participants and thirdly, it involves conscious action for the sake of the common good, namely, investing resources in maintaining positive group norms and protecting justice. The study used the modified social dilemmas, “Public good dilemma” and “Dictator game under third-party punishment”. Using structural modeling in a sample of 362 people, it was found that the empirical data correspond to the a priori model of altruistic investment in the group’s social capital. The structure of the networking strategy of the individual contains the value, motivational and behavioral components. The role of altruistic investment in the formation of the social capital of the group is shown.
The article discusses personality networking behavior as a mechanism of building the social capital in a social network. The concepts of social and functional roles, social exchange theory, social network analysis (network role discovery) and the phenomenon of social capital are included to explore the problem. Theoretical and empirical studies are brought together to explain the connections between an individual and his or her network position in a social structure, as well as his or her networking behavior. We assume that personal networking strategy relies on values and is actualized in a certain way of social behavior, thus helping to exert the individual’s influence on his or her social capital buil. This construct allows as to understand personality as both pursuing some personal goals and working on social capital formation of social network.
The collection contains annotations to the reports of the 42nd international scientific school-seminar named after academician S. S. Shatalin "System modeling of socio-economic processes".
Modern practice of management of human resources is based, along with other concepts, on the Talent management concept. There are pro-active employees among a talent employees, whose competences allow to consider them as perspective candidates for replacement of managerial positions. In order that development of pro-active employees and planning of their career was adequate to both their competences, and requirements of the organization, the system of additional roles for such employees is offered. Step-by-step development of these roles allows not only estimating the potential of the pro-active employee, but also practically to prepare it for administrative activity in modern conditions.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.