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Article

Ментальные карты города: история понятия и разнообразие подходов

This article describes establishment and development of the history of urban mental maps.
Two opposing meanings of mental maps are stated as a result of comparative historic study,
namely, 1) mental spatial information, representing the image of the city and the orientations
schemes, and 2) cartographical geovisualization, which reflects individual or group perception
of space. Intellect-maps being not close to spatial data and “image-geographical” maps,
elaborated within Russian geohumanities are additionally described in the first case.
The divide between sketch maps drawn by people according to the researcher’s task and the
maps of space perceptions, which are close to the traditional thematic geographical maps,
is stated in the second case. The mental maps, combining the traits of both big classes are
argued to be the most prospective. Kevin Lynch’s generalized urban maps based on the results
of individual cities’ perceptions gained by various research methods, and “image-topographic”
and “mythogeographical” maps from the Russian geohumanities are named among those
prospective ones.