Восстание советских масс: политико-антропологический анализ
The article is devoted to the political and anthropological analysis of the “revolt of the Soviet masses” phenomenon as a result of revolution of the early 1990-s in USSR, which has freed society from the Soviet party and government fetters. The revolt of the Soviet masses is a way out of the Soviet masses to the forefront of public and political life of post-Soviet Russia and the vertical invasion of the Soviet nomenclature in the public authority of the new state. A comparative analysis of ontological features of the Ortega y Gasset’s “mass man” and “simple Soviet man” was conducted. It’s shown that the “Soviet man” who accounted the vast majority in all ruling and governable social strata and groups and was adherent to state-paternalistic orientation, imperial syndrome and personalized perception of power, has become one of the key political actors. This has created favorable social conditions for development of post-revolutionary political process not on the way to democracy, but towards the formation of personalized neo-authoritarian regime of corporate type.