(Пост)советский спорт: в поисках модели для топ-моделей
This is the first textbook in our country, prepared in accordance with the with the Federal State Educational standard of higher professional education (3rd generation). tion) in the direction of preparation 034300 "Physical Culture» on the bachelor degree. Key issues of the theory of law and legal regulation of physical culture and sports are discussed. In view of the last changes and additions, the corresponding normative acts are commented on and systematized.
The article explores the professionalization process in the field of sports in Russia. It is based on empirical research which consisted in biographic interviews with professional tennis players and secondary analysis of publications. The theoretical background of the article belongs to sociology of professions and sociology of sports. A brief review of sociology of sports as independent academic discipline is made. The article shows relations between sportsmen from different sports, mass communication and leisure. Authors make conceptual distinction between amateur and professional tennis and show how the social status of parents influences the success of tennis players. This research pioneers in the academic study of tennis players professional environment.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.