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Article

Экономические методы и стимулы решения экологических проблем в логистике

The negative impact of logistics and especially transport andits infrastructure on the environment is quite extensive and includescurrent international problem of greenhouse gas emissions into theatmosphere and corresponding climate change. According to sta-tistics 28% of emissions accounted for by transportation. Devel-opment and implementation of appropriate initiatives of reducingthe negative environmental impact of transportation takes place ondifferent levels. This is the result of the Kyoto Protocol, and now ofthe Paris agreement. Internationally, the system of both normative-legal and economic methods of state and market regulation is ac-tively applied and improved in order to stimulate the introductionof “green” technologies. The article analyzes the advantages anddisadvantages of the existing Russian and foreign methods andeconomic incentives for solving an environmental problems thatcaused by the development of transportation and logistics infra-structure. Article explores the tax policy of foreign countries in thefield of ecology; types and amounts of charges of basic environ-mental taxes. The “shadow prices” method is considered as a pos-sible methodological basis for calculating and subsequently intro-ducing an environmental tax for a specific pollutant. The articleproposes changes in the economic policy of the development of“green” logistics in Russia based on an analysis of the results of fi-nancial and tax instruments application in different countries. In par-ticular, it is shown that Russia can effectively use the experience ofGermany and other countries on the transport tax differentiation(depending on emissions and other environmental indicators), aswell as possible ways of improving current charges pollution and

emissions charges.