Источники понятий «персональные данные» и частная жизнь лица в российском праве
Despite the fact that the Institution of the Protection of Confidential Information in the Russian Federation has existed since the middle of the 20th century, since the time when in the Constitution of the USSR was established a rule on the right of citizens to confidential information, the issue of the correlation of personal data with the private life of a person is still relevant and until now.
The article analyses the issue of what kind of information attributed to personal data can constitute the private life of a person and what are legal procedures should be applied to ensure the protection of these legal institutions, given that the private life of a person is protected by criminal law, and the private life of persons is protected by the rules of civil law. What norms the law enforcer should be guided, at such a crossing of the two legal institutions. The problem of an integrated approach to the protection of personal data is considered, both from the point of view of private law and from the point of view of public law. The approaches of Russian and American legislation are compared, in the field of personal data protection and private life of a person.
As conclusions, it was proposed to: to increase existing administrative fines. At the moment, the amount of fines does not create incentives for companies to take all possible measures to protect personal data, because the risks are outweighed by the potential profit; to use of ISO standards for personal data operators and other private companies.
The author from portuguese translated the Brazilian Law № 11.909 of 4 March 2009 г. «On legal regulation of the activity of transportation of natural gas, regulated by the article 177 of federal Brazilian Constitution and on activity of using, processing, storage, liquefication, regasification and marketing of natural gas; amendmends to the law № 9.478 of 6 August 1997 etc.»
The author examines the specific conditions under which the labor law provides payment at higher rate.
In the collection of published articles and materials of the participants 10 Congress of the International Association of experts on legislative developments. Presented scientific and practical perspectives on modern legislative process, perspectives and methods of its improvement
The series of studies collected in theis book represent different approaches of their authors to the problem of privat life in the past.
This paperwork overviews core technologies implemented by comparably new products at information security market - web application firewalls. Web applications are a very wide-used and convenient way of presenting remote users with access to corporate information resources. It can however become single point of failure rendering all the information infrastructure unreachable for legitimate clients. To prevent malicious access attempts to endpoint information resources and, intermediately, to web server, a new class of information security solutions has been created. Web application firewalls function at the highest, seventh layer of ISO/OSI model and serves as a controlling tunnel for all the traffic heading to and from company’s web application server(s). To ensure decent levels of traffic monitoring and intrusion prevention web application firewalls are equipped with various mechanisms of data exchange session “normalness” control. These mechanisms include protocol check routines, machine learning techniques, traffic signature analysis and more dedicated means like denial of service, XSS injection and CRRF attack prevention. Ability to research and add user rules to be processed along with vendor-provided ones is important since every company has its own security policy and, therefore the web application firewall should provide security engineers with ways to tweak its rules to reflect the security policy more precisely. This research is based on wide practice experience integrating web application firewalls into security landscape of various organizations, their administration and customization. We illustrate our research of available filtering mechanisms and their implementations with example product features by market leaders, schemes and screenshots from real web application firewall systems.
The use of hardware virtualization for ensuring information security is discussed. A review of various approaches to improving the security of software systems based on virtualization is given. A review of possible scenarios of using virtualization by intruders is also presented. The application domains and limitations of the available solutions and perspectives of future development in the field are discussed.
The Handbook of CO₂ in Power Systems' objective is to include the state-of-the-art developments that occurred in power systems taking CO₂ emission into account. The book includes power systems operation modeling with CO₂ emissions considerations, CO₂ market mechanism modeling, CO₂ regulation policy modeling, carbon price forecasting, and carbon capture modeling. For each of the subjects, at least one article authored by a world specialist on the specific domain is included.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.