БАНКРОТСТВО ГРАЖДАН И ЕГО ПОСЛЕДСТВИЯ ДЛЯ КРЕДИТНЫХ ОРГАНИЗАЦИЙ
Importance Having been adopted in 2015, personal insolvency regulations significantly influenced the supply structure in the lending market, and dramatically changed banks' approaches to dealing with difficult customers, especially in consumer lending. Objectives The research analyzes strengths and weaknesses credit institutions face as a result of the enforcement of personal insolvency regulations, nature of changes in banks and debtors' interaction models, and transforms principles of lending policies in line with existing economic realities. Methods I applied methods of logic, economic analysis to study banking risks associated with insolvency of individual borrowers. Results I fundamentally evaluated principles of personal bankruptcy laws so to determine possible banking risks at each stage of bankruptcy proceedings. Having analyzed cause-and-effect perspectives, I identified procedural and economic difference of debt restructuring processes and sale of debtors' property that took place as part of bankruptcy proceedings. Conclusions and Relevance The adoption of bankruptcy regulations will make banks be more tolerable to troubled borrowers seeking for debt restructuring. Banks seldom exercise their entitlement for suing bankrupt debtors, since it reduces interest, other income and the amount to be repaid. The analysis reveals the personal insolvency procedure in terms of vulnerable aspects and allows to understand advantages banks may enjoy if they deal with borrowers without initiating bankruptcy litigations.
Importance Under current economic conditions with the need of analyzing and identification the ways of the firm sustainable development, it is necessary to develop new tools and methods of economic and finance decision making. In this regard, problems of improving the existing conceptual and methodological basis of the firm financial viability analysis are very actual. Objective Aiming at the development of existing tools and methods for the analysis of financial sustainability, the article attempts to study the content of the term, as well as the composition, purpose and content of the main elements of the proposed integrated framework for the firm financial sustainability analysis. Methods In the paper, we used the method of historical and logical generalization in the aim of the firm financial sustainability definition. Previously obtained results of using the methods of hierarchies analysis and econometrics serve as a basis to justify the need to develop the basic elements of the new methods of the analysis. Results The article concerns the necessity of the using, along with the term of bankruptcy, the definition of the firm financial sustainability in the system of the economic analysis. Disclosure of the complex nature and structure of the term can explain the rationality and ways of existing analysis tools and methods development, as well as the composition of new methodological elements of the firm financial sustainability growth justification and choosing. Conclusions and Relevance. It is concluded that it is necessary to make on the basis of the proposed general scheme the detailed testing of the updated methods of analysis of financial solvency in a variety of industry applications.
The author analyses artickes 195, 196 and 197 of the Russian Federation Criminal Code, devoted to illegal actions that accompany a debtor's bankruptcy, and cocludes that these articles are not sufficient to combat all fraudulent actions in this sphere. The application of articles 159, 160 and 303 of the Criminal Code also doesn't solve the existing problems. That is why the author proposes to penalize actions on the application of knowingly non-existing claims in bankruptcy.
Problems: 1) complexities of an estimation of legitimacy of actions of heads of the credit organization («Risk business»); 2) high degree blanket norms of criminal law; 3) absence of an accurate regulation of the civil-law mechanisms directed on protection of interests of creditors of the credit organizations, and, as consequence, 4) impossibility of an establishment of special norms it is criminally-legal protection right creditors of the credit organizations, in view of accecorn the nature criminally-rules of law.
This title is an excellent source of general information regarding the enforcement of judgments and arbitration awards in over 75 foreign jurisdictions.
Written by experienced local lawyers, it is an aid to understanding the standards applicable when determining whether a judgment will be recognized and enforced. Chapters devoted to each country provide detailed commentary on recent cases that illustrate:Current law Execution proceedings Costs Availability of an appeals process Time limitations
You'll also find coverage of procedural requirements involving the extent of damage awards, finality of judgment, reciprocity, and limitations.
The implementation of the uniform approach to the legal regulation of transnational bankruptcies is problematic in several ways, such as differences in national bankruptcy legislayion and lack of recognition of of other state`s authorities acts. Nevertheless, this chapter shows that the difficulties can can be overcame with the proper i,plementation of bankruptcy procedures.
The article considers features of carrying out a procedure of restructuring a debt of a citizen who is not an individual entrepreneur in bankruptcy case. Purpose: to study the rehabilitation nature of the structuring procedure based on distinguishing its stages. Methods: analytical and system methods, comparative and legal, technical and legal methods are used. Results: legal consequences of introducing the procedure of restructuring a debtor’s debt allow him to stabilize his financial position and to save his property to meet creditors’ requirements. Actions of a financial manager, first of all, are aimed at providing creditors with a right to take part in the case of the debtor’s bankruptcy. In their turn, creditors are recommended to act with due care and discretion to keep an opportunity to participate in settling the debtor’s legal destiny. The law has additional provisions protecting rights of creditors of the first and second order, and also creditors’ rights referring to the current liabilities, the debt to which shall be repaid before the approval of the debt restructuring plan. Conclusions: having introduced the institute of citizens’ debts restructuring, the Russian legislation legally enables debtors to pay debts during a long term and to keep their property at the same time. Giving an opportunity to choose a bankruptcy procedure applied to debtorsconsumers depending on their liabilities, income and size of debts, the legislator purposes to protect the debtor from loss of property and from psychological stress, thereby strengthening social and economic infrastructure.
The author touches upon questions of correspondence between the Civil Code of the Russian Federation rules in their amended edition and the Federal Law of 26 October 2002 # 127-FZ “On Insolvency (Bankruptcy)”. Such issues as the order of a insolvency administrator’s appointment in the procedures of compulsory corporate liquidation and reorganization, establishing creditors’ claims based on subscription agreements, the effect of a court bail in bankruptcy are considered in the article.
This book is devoted to the international dispute resolution in various contexts.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.