Гильом из Сен-Тьерри против Гильома Коншского: конфликт или диалог двух моделей познания?
Shortly after 1125, William of Conches, young grammarian at the School of Chartres, published his first treatise, the Philosophia. Thanks to some of its new ideas and style, it became popular and circulated largely in intellectual millieu. Around 1140, one copy reached the theologian William of Saint Thierry, close friend and biographer of saint Bernard of Clairevaux. This faultfinding reader of all novelties touching the ground of faith was already intervening in the second trial on Peter Abaelard, which eventually led to his excommunication. He proposed the same measure against the “heretic” from Conches, but did not succeed. However, his critical letter on William of Conches adressed to the leader of Citeaux remains a startling document of the intellectual atmosphere and the style of discussion, which dominated France in that years. The article proposes a comparative analysis of this letter and of the Conches’ Philosophia. In the appendix, the first full translation of the letter and of the chapters on the elements from the Philosophia, into Russian are published.