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Article

Индексальный потенциал английского языка в русскоязычном коммуникативном пространстве

Вопросы психолингвистики. 2017. Т. 33 . № 3. С. 32-47.
Гриценко Е. С., Ненашева Т. А.

Under the influence of globalization, the status and functions of English in non-English -speaking countries (the so-called "expanding circle" countries) are changing. Global English is becoming part of the local communicative space and is increasingly used as an independent means of generating meaning. The aim of the present study is to investigate into the peculiarities of the perception of the English language in the Russian society and to describe its indexical capacities in three different "niches" of the Russian-speaking communicative space: professional communication, the area of science and education, and leisure area. An overall methodological approach taken in the research is that of the sociolinguistics of globalization: the view at of language as a mobile translocal resource and the ideological motivation of the construction of meaning. In the research a complex methodology was used, including methods of sociolinguistics, semantic interpretation and ethnographic methods; data from earlier studies were also used. The analysis showed that the indexical potential of the English language is realized differently in different areas of communication. In the professional sphere, use of English connotes professional competence and serves as a means of constructing a professional identity. In the academic environment, it indexes innovation and progress, it can be used as a "brand" and a means of "promotion" in project activities. In the sphere of leisure, anglicisms connote modernity, creativity and serve as a symbol of the global consumerist culture. English performs the function of constructing meaning explicitly (when English words are actually present in communication) and implicitly (by means of creating loans and "appropriating" English-speaking communicative norms). Along with this, English serves as a mediator in ideological transformations and shifts in the worldview, which can be considered a consequence of linguistic and cultural globalization.