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Article

Речевые характеристики психотипов пользователей веб-форума

Вопросы психолингвистики. 2017. № 2(32). С. 144-158.
Романова Т. В., Земляк В. М.

The article presents the results of the research aimed at revealing verbal variables that dementalise the content of the communicant’s psyche. The authors take particular interest in speech tolerance and proneness to conflicts as personality features. The files of the users of the Internet-forum “Club Quadra” (http://socioforum.su/) have been analysed in order to observe the correlation between the psychological (the extent of tolerance and proneness to conflict) and linguistic individual characteristics and reveal specific linguistic markers of each psychological type. The analysis was performed with the use of K. Yung’s classification that identifies four basic functions of the human psyche: logic vs ethics and intuition vs sensory capabilities. The major results of the research are the language classificators of psychological types and specific speech characteristics revealed by the authors: dynamics and language creativity for the intuitive type; subjectivity and lack of order for the ethic type; objectivity and consistency for the logical type; categoricalness and statics for the sensory type. The article concludes that the ethical-sensory and logical-sensory types can be considered quite aggressive and intolerant because of being strongly convicted in their point of view and trying to impose it on others. Both intuitive types prove to be less categorical due to realizing the subjectivity of their opinion, that is to say, their speech behavior may be regarded as tolerant towards a different opinion. Basing on the list of parameters for assessing psychological types, an attempt has been made to write a computer programme-classificator that could identify the psychological type of a testee on the basis of their speech. The key method employed in the study has been the frequency analysis aimed at revealing the proportional frequency of each language classificator in each text.