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Article

Понятие «вечность» в современной аналитической теологии: вызов темпорализма

The article analyzes the conditions of occurrence, key ideas and factors of success of temporalism – the dominant position describing God's relation to time in the contemporary analytic philosophy. Unlike traditional eternalism, which treats the being of God in terms of time transcendence, i.e. timelessness and the absence of duration, temporalism assumes the existence of God in the past, present and future, i.e. His principal temporality. Despite the fact that the idea of the divine eternity as the transcendence is traditionally viewed as an integral part of Christian doctrine, key proponents of temporalism – Nicholas Wolterstorff, Richard Swinburne, and Anthony Kenny – sought to prove, first, eternalism’s origins in alien to Christianity pagan Greek philosophy; second, the incompatibility of the traditional concept of eternity with the fundamental form of Biblical thought; finally, strict rationality, and hence better compatibility of temporalism with the achievements of contemporary philosophy. The reanimation of classical theological questions by temporalism together with the openness to the actual philosophical agenda contributed to further productive development of subject matter, as well as the consolidation of theology’s status as an autonomous and respectable subdiscipline within the English-speaking Academy.