Teaching Practical Phonetics at an Economic University: Challenges of a New Programme
The article reports on the experience of course design in Practical Phonetics, one-year experience of teaching and assessment of students throughout the academic year. It also gives results of students’ survey in which they were asked to give their opinion about the present course and to suggest amendments to it for future. The author, summarised their ideas about certain modifications to the course in order to help students better fit in the world linguistic community and look upon the subject of Practical Phonetics as a necessary integral part of the overall discipline – the Practical Course of English.
The book includes the abstracts of the participants of 11th European Conference on Psychological Assessment. The 11th European Conference on Psychological Assessment scientific program includes a very wide spectrum of presentations from the various branches of psychology – organizational psychology, clinical psychology, educational psychology, cognitive psyhology, personality psychology, positive psychology and others. The scientific program also provides an opportunity to hear the latest on technological advances in psychological assessment as well as to consider specific problems within the assessment process.
School Achievements Monitoring Toolkit (SAM) is the attempt to develop an instrument of school achievements assessment through their measurement and qualitative (structural) characteristic. The object of assessment includes subject competences of primary school students, that reflect how well they acquire basic school subjects such as mathematics, native language, science. The theoretical base of the toolkit developed is laid by the theory of cultural development of a child, outlined in L.S. Vygotsky’s works and further developed by his descendents – D.B. Elkonin, P.J. Galperin, V.V. Davydov, etc. This theory suggests that learning as a necessary prerequisite of a child’s psychic development, involves acquisition of sign structures, which crystallize all the basic landmarks of generalized action patterns: a) external characteristics of classes of object situations and corresponding actions; b) understanding of relevant relations within this class of situations, which define direction and limits of possible transformations; c) the essence of the action pattern, i.e. contexts of its meaningful applications. These three types of landmarks are featured in the cultural action pattern simultaneously. Still when adopting the pattern the role of the cornerstone is taken on first by the external characteristics of the object situation, then the understanding of the relevant relations within it, and finally the corresponding sense field. These three types of action orientation serve as markers of cultural action patterns. SAM toolkit is principally characterized by developing tasks of three different levels clustered into groups (blocks) when developing tests for each school subject area. Each of these clusters functions as a detector of how well a certain subject area has been acquired. When developing each block a developer employs a system of indicators (a typology of tasks), which reflect the generalized criteria of action pattern acquisition outlined above. Thus structural approach to featuring test results offers wider possibilities of content-wise interpretation of test findings and qualitative characterization of the competence assessed. As described above, all tests can be considered as consisting of three subtests. Each subtest represents a set of items of the same level but different content areas. All subtests of the SAM tests measure related (but supposedly different), latent examinees’ characteristics. So, the tests in SAM are assumed to be multidimensional. There are different approaches of modeling such kinds of tests. The report will contain description of IRT-modeling results of different approaches – unidimensional, consecutive and multidimensional. It will be shown that unidimensional approach is the more appropriate for SAM test data. In order to conduct the results interpretation benchmarks were established on the basis of three-leveled model of testing. Benchmarks make it possible to distinguish examinees referring to 4 groups of level achievement. The report will contain description of methods of setting benchmarks, which were developed by authors. These levels of achievement compose the basic taxonomy of educational goals, which has a psychological background, i.e. it indicates cultural-psychological structures which are crucial for competence development from immature to mature stage. To sum up, the report will contain the results of conducted research of validation of established benchmarks.
The textbook includes texts and tests for preparing and assessing the knowledge of equally school chilldren and students in writing
grammar tests on Russian Grammar.
The article reports on a study of the role of assessment and feedback in making presentations. It first gives a brief overview of the programme and course outline, then looks at the teaching methods used and theory of assessment and, finally, provides results of assessment of almost 100 presentations with one sample analysed in detail. The criteria specifically developed for the course will also be given.
This study focuses on the assessment process and evaluation tools in a case study or a role play in a non-linguistic university. The multi-skill and multi-level communication activity assessment scheme is presented herein to enhance the students’ performance.
The present article continues the investigation of the Soqotri verbal system undertaken by the Russian-Soqotri fieldwork team. The article focuses on the so-called “weak” and “geminated” roots in the basic stem. The investigation is based on the analysis of full paradigms (perfect, imperfect and jussive) of more than 170 “weak” and “geminated” Soqotri verbs.