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«Дар богов» в диалоге Платона «Филеб». «Грамматика» Тевта

Вестник Московского университета. Сер. 7. Философия. 2017. № 2. С. 21-42.
Ощепков И. В., Ощепкова Е. С.

One of the examples of the dialectical method in the ‘Philebus’ (‘Gift of the Gods’) is Theuth's invention of the alphabet and art of grammar. We consider this example in the context of our interpretation of Plato’s later dialectic as mainly a method of anamnesis, consisting of three parts: synagōgē, implying our ability to perceive some unity in the multitude; diairesis, implying the ability to perceive each unity in the multitude apart of each other; and symplokē, which is an art to combine such unities. Some interesting features of Plato’s view of the alphabet are also discussed.