Эволюция правового статуса бухарцев в российском законодательстве XVIII-XIX вв.
Author analyzes the legal status of “Bukharans”, i.e. immigrants to Russia from the Central Asia who took out citizenship of the Russian Empire or constantly arrived for trading, This category of popu-lation began to form already at the first half of the 17thc. And during the 18th–19thcc. they had numer-ous advantages and privileges as were the principal mediators in relationsof Russia with Central Asian states. So, they had tax immunity, liberation from the military service and other duties, right to establish own municipal structures (city councils and districts —volosty). Also they had own courts acted on the base of Islamic and customary law and were put on imperial trial only in special cases. Bukharans also were not forced to convert to Christianity although this action was welcomed by Russian authorities and there were not any limitations because their Islamic religion.Some privileges were established also for Bukharans who traveled to Russia as traders (using Russian guards for caravans, possibility to marryRussian subjects and take them to Bukhara, etc.). Then the importance of Bukharans in relations of Russia and Central Asia decreased and it was reflected on diminution of their privileges: the taxes were levied upon them and, at last, Bukharans were equated to non-Russian imperial subjects (inorodtsy) with all their rights and obligations. But this policy was gradual and all measures of the Russian authori-ties were explained for Bukharans in special legal acts. The policy of imperial authorities towards Bu-kharans is analyzed on the base of the Complete Collection of the Laws of the Russian Empire.