Ментальное здоровье современных подростков (по результатам социологического исследования в Республике Алтай)
The paper is the first attempt to study the dependence between various types of home environment and mental health of the younger representatives of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. The authors identified several types of the adolescent-parent relationships supportive of the adolescents' mental health and mitigating the eff ects of unfavorable social and economic conditions. The study was based on the data of community-based surveys and mini-interviews of 15-year-olds from the Altai republic residing in various types of communities with a more traditional life-style different from the standard living conditions in the West. The authors came to a conclusion that the mediating effect of the adolescent-parent relationships diff ered in the indigenous compared to the non-indigenous families in Siberia, whereas the culture and traditions played an important role in protecting mental health of the younger generation of the indigenous peoples of Siberia. Traditional and culture-specifi c adolescent-parent relationships offered protection against the unfavorable socioeconomic conditions as well as rapid social changes in the rural areas of Siberia, while permissiveness and lack of parental support had a more damaging eff ect on the metal health of the young members of the indigenous communities.
The article presents the data of long-term (1988-2008) sociological research on the socio-economic and environmental problems of the indigenous Evenk municipal district, arising from the possible implementation of a hydro-electric project on the Nizhnyaya Tunguska river.
Topical issues on early childhood mental health are considered in the article. There is a high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in early childhood and increase in mental disorders among children in general, which is ahead of a similar increase among adults. At the same time, unjustifiably on children’s mental health little attention is being paid, specialty “children’s psychiatrist” is not reestablished, the number of specialized beds is reduced etc. The data on the frowth of severe mental disorders (endogenous psychoses of the autism group) beginning in early and pre-school age.
The book deals with the problems of preservation and development of ethnic groups in the world today. Special attention is paid to ethnic identity in the context of globalization.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.