Закон о банкротстве граждан: первые вопросы судебной практики
The author adresses the first issues confronted by the courts while considering consumer bankrupty cases. THe following questions are analysed in the article: what summ of money is enough to finance the expenses of conducting a consumer bankruptcy case; when can a court introduce the procedure of debtor's property selling passing the debt restructuring procedure; setting the order of property allienation when the debtor is married; on the applicability of point 3 of article 137 of the Federal Law of 26/10/2002 # 137-FZ "On Insolvency (Bankruptcy)" in the process of determining the priority of creditors' claims.
The author studies the order of invalidation of a transaction and application of the results of its invalidity in the process of montoring. The author points out that the grounds for invalidation of transactions are presented not only in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, but in other legal acts in the system of civil law, including the law on bankruptcy. Unlike the Civil Code, the law of bankrupcy provides a different order and number of persons who claim that the transaction can be invalidated. In addition, as a part of bankruptcy, invalidation of transactions performs two important functions: to protect the interests of creditors and the debtor's solvency recovery.
This paper discusses the current stage of economic development in Russia. In particular, the authors analyze the problems caused by both the inefficiencies accumulated during the previous years, and the deterioration of the external conditions in 2014. They also stress the factors that can support and prevent the restructuring of the Russian economy and its further growth. In conclusion they list a couple of economic policy scenario appropriate for new situation.
The aim of this paper is to conduct an empirical investigation and reveal what types of modernization strategies and characteristics of regional institutional environment are likely to be associated with different trajectories of firms’ performance in 2007-2012. Using hierarchical cluster analysis we revealed the typical trajectories of firms’ sales growth and found that the dynamic of sales for more than 90% of firms can be described by just two types of performance curve: (a) crisis decline-recovery and the stable growth and (b) crisis decline with weak recovery and stagnation. We test three hypotheses that (1) companies that invested a lot in modernization and restructuring of business before the crisis were more likely to successfully overcome the crisis shock, and (2) that location of firms in the regions with better institutional environment could also matter for the likelihood of successful recovery, and (3) firms with foreign ownership are more likely to overcome quickly and successfully crisis shocks and continue growth in post-crisis period. We found the firms that invested more prior to the crisis are more likely to have positive post-crisis dynamics of sales. Active restructuring accompanied by the rise of the number of employees in pre-crisis period was also a significant factor associated with propensity to be a member of successful cluster. We proved an evidence that firms in the regions with less level of corruption (both administrative and everyday) were more likely to successfully overcome the crisis shock. Contrary to the studies in other countries we found no evidence of significant positive role of foreign ownership.
Modern tendencies of the home and world company restructuring practices are analyzed by the author who had top positions in some large companies and thus the experience of their restructuring. The recommendations on restructuring procedures are given here.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/