Совместная декларация между СССР и Японией в японской историографии
The article discusses the problem of interpretation in Japanese historiography of the Joint Declaration of 1956, which ended the state of war between the USSR and Japan. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the documents, the author presents his view about historic significance of the Declaration and assesses the arguments put by the representatives of the academic community of Japan.
The article describes formation and realization of the Japanese state scientific policy as the national program of development of the Japanese society. This process is considered throughout 30 years - 1970 to 2000, with a periodization of stages - decades. The analysis of the given experience has concrete practical value for our country which at all levels of the power has proclaimed the direction on development of a scientific and information society. This process is of main value from the point of view of planning, strategy, and also practice and technologies of realization.
The article examines the stages of the negotiation process on the determination of the Caspian sea legal status, positions of the Russian Federation and the interests of the external actors (USA, EU, China) in the process. At present the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan have reached the consensus on the delimitation of the north part of the Caspian sea while its southern part is still not delimited. The active interaction of the Caspian states with the external actors (USA, EU, China) encourages the Caspian states to strengthen their rights in the Caspian sea which in turn activates the negotiation process on the definition of the Caspian sea legal status.
The article examines special politically-legal and social status of Muslim community in the USA. Not only positive experience of ethnopolitical integration is described, but also a number of problems connected to this situation.
A survey of the Samizdat Archive of the Institute of Eastern Europe in Bremen. Introductory texts and annotated catalogue.