Роль эмоциональных черт наблюдателя при восприятии эмоциональных лиц на раннем этапе переработки информации
The role of observers’ emotional traits in the emotion recognition from facial expressions has been studied. According to Forgas’ Affect Infusion Model, the role of observers’ emotional traits will differ depending on the task type. More constructive tasks will be influenced by emotional traits to the greater extent. This prediction has been tested in the experiment with two types of tasks. In the more constructive task, participants had to recognize happiness, sadness, fear, and anger naming the emotions. In the less constructive task, participants did the same but chose one of the two emotion terms instead of naming the emotions. Recognition accuracy and sensitivity were related more to the emotional traits when participants performed more constructive tasks. Emotion congruency effect has been found for happiness and sadness. All results were obtained under stimulus presentation duration of 200 ms, which corresponds to the earlier stage of information processing.