Unconventional superconductivity in low density electron systems and conventional superconductivity in hydrogen metallic alloys
We demonstrate the instability of the normal state of purely repulsive fermionic systems towards the transition to the Kohn-Luttinger superconducting state. We construct the superconducting phase diagrams of these systems in the framework of the Hubbard and Shubin-Vonsovsky models on the square and hexagonal lattices. We show that an account for the long-range Coulomb interactions, as well as the Kohn- Luttinger renormalizations, lead to an increase in the critical superconducting temperatures in various materials, such as high-temperature superconductors, idealized monolayer, and bilayer of doped graphene. Additionally, we discuss the role of the structural disorder and the nonmagnetic impurities in superconducting properties of real graphene systems.
The effect of the long-range Coulomb interaction on the formation of the Kohn–Luttinger superconductivity in monolayer doped graphene is studied disregarding the Van der Waals potential of the substrate and both magnetic and non-magnetic impurities. It is shown that the allowance for the Kohn–Luttinger renormalizations up to the second order in perturbation theory in the on-site Hubbard interaction inclusively, as well as in the intersite Coulomb interaction, significantly affects the interplay between the superconducting phases with the f-wave, p+ip-wave, and d+id-wave symmetries of the order parameter. It is demonstrated that taking Coulomb repulsion of electrons located at the next-nearest neighboring atoms in such a system into account changes qualitatively the phase diagram and enhances the critical temperature of the transition to the superconducting phase. p+ip-wave, and d+id
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.