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Когнитивный инсайт и динамика симптомов ультравысокого риска по шизофрении у больных с непсихотическими формами психических расстройств в юношеском возрасте

Рассказова Е. И., Омельченко М. А., Румянцев А., Каледа В. Г.
Objective. To determine characteristics of cognitive insight as a prognostic factor and its relationship with the severity and dynamics of symptoms in patients with ultra-high risk for schizophrenia during treatment. Material and methods. The study included 76 young patients with subpsychotic symptoms corresponding to criteria of ultra-high risk for psychosis and 55 healthy subjects. Patients were examined using psychopathological analysis and a battery of psychological tests. Results and conclusion. Cognitive insight, although not linked to objective indicators of ultra-high risk for schizophrenia, predicts a decline in both total score of SOPS, and in the Positive symptoms subscale during the treatment of patients with personality disorders. In the groups with mood disorders and schizotypal disorder, cognitive insight reflects more anxiety and uncertainty related to patients’ experience rather than the true conscious criticism. In the group with schizotypal disorder, it is also closely related to the severity of subjective psychopathological symptoms.