Активность участника коммуникации: методы лингвистического анализа
The paper deals with a phenomenon of activity participants of a dialogue. Analysis of participant’s activity in a conversation is of great importance for theoretical linguistics as well as for applied linguistics. In forensic linguistics analysis of activity can be used as an objective parameter for qualification of real communicative goals of participants. In the paper three main methods of analysis of the phenomenon discussed are introduced. The first one is a method of communicative activity, i.e. an amount of illocutionary independent speech acts of a participant in a dialogue or its relevant part. The second method is thematic activity. Analysis of thematic activity allows to elucidate who of participants independently introduces main themes in a conversation. The third method – quantitative activity – is based upon calculating of amount of words which are connected with specific theme in a conversation. In the paper different types of correlation between the three methods introduced are discussed.