Как оценить число инвалидов в России
The paper provides an empirical analysis of the impact of disability status on employment and hours worked in Russia. We use data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey for 2004–2014 and apply propensity score matching. Our results show that disability status has a significant effect on labor supply of the disabled even if health problems are thoroughly controlled for. Disability status is associated with stable and significant negative effect on employment. At the same time, we do not find a consistent impact of disability status on hours worked.
The present article analyses the process behind the production of otherness (othering) in the discourse of modern Russian cinema. The article begins by highlighting the main ways of understanding othering, which is based principally on the systematization of theoretical and empirical studies. This includes describing strategies and techniques for representating the Other, preparation of a list of steps and signs indicating how othering is processed in discourse. This reveals the following aspects: 1) opposition (using binary categories), 2) distancing (strengthening borders), 3) building a hierarchy (hierarhization) and 4) the submission and destruction of the Other. Next, the developed theoretical and methodological scheme was applied to provide an analysis of how otherness is represented in Russian cinema, particularly through a case study of the movie "Class correction" in 2014, which was directed by I.Tverdovskyy. In summary, the following othering mechanisms were identified: stereotyping, objectification, marginalization, shaming, feminization, exotization, and coping strategies as: charismatization, subjectification, dehierarhization an the use of humor, parody and protest.
Background. A shortage of representative data on the national level on social and economic status of children with disabilities (CWD) and their families became more apparent after Russia had ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Number of CWD identified in regular population surveys is not sufficient to allow comprehensive analysis. In this situation population census becomes the main source of data on CWD. Censuses account beneficiaries of pensions on disability but to use this information for the comparative analysis of opportunities for CWD and their families was not possible, an access to data was open recently.
Objective. To analyse a status of CWD and their parents living in private households identified by censuses 2002 and 2010, and to assess advantages and disadvantages of the censuses data on CWD.
Results. Both censuses point at some pronounced inequalities. Parents of the CWD are less educated and less professionally trained. Unemployment among mothers of the CWD is much higher. A job issue is especially acute in rural areas. Percentage of rural families where both parents have no job is larger than in urban areas. This makes a personal subsidiary plot highly important for rural families with CWD. Involvement of CWD in pre-school and school education rose between censuses but a gap still persists. The CWD live in single-parent families more often than other children. However, undercount of CWD by both censuses is impressive: more than 50% of CWD were omitted.
Conclusions. The huge undercount could bias census estimates, perhaps, exaggerating the differences revealed between families with CWD and other families with children. The drawback is of the methodological nature for reason of unclear instructions in classifying pensions by their types. Although a state-of-art in statistics on children with disabilities is rather poor, we suggest a few simple steps to improve the situation. One of them would be to put the direct question about “official” disability in censuses.
The article is devoted to analysis of approaches to disability in quality of life and well-being studies. Disability is analyzed from the point of view of different research contexts – clinical, social, cultural, historical, positive. As a rule, the studies were performed in the format of the classical methodologies, and they consider the quality of life of people with disabilities from the point of view of the various deficiencies and negative consequences of disability. We propose to understand these effects as conditions, which influence the life disability people, however, are not as the main determinants of their quality of life and subjective well-being. Synthesis of the modern approaches of psychology of personality with the potential of the cultural-historical paradigm allows to overcome the existing methodological dead-ends, associated with exaggeration of the role of limitations in life with disability. Thus, the question of one's quality of life it is possible to raise not only on social groups level, but also on personality level. We substantiated the opportunity and potential of the study of disability as one of the "complicated conditions" of personality development.
The article presents the experience of constructing of the social problems by students and teacher within the sociological course. Last years the course “Sociology of Social Problems” includes optional actionist part with a claims-making concerning some situations. The article describes actions made by the participants of the course with the aim to include in the city agenda such problems as the destroying of one of the famous historical buildings in Kazan (Karl Fuchs House), the inaccessibility of urban space for disabled people and the imposing of the music and ads on the pedestrians. The influence of such constructionist projects and their alleged significance for the students are discussed. In conclusion some questions concerning the transition from traditional teaching of sociology towards the teaching connected with the sociological intervention are formulated.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.