Self activeness as a Link between Moral Knowledge and Motivation
The problem which I would like to discuss in this paper is the link between moral epistemology and moral motivation. The question about motivation and the question about how we get to know something about morality are considered as conceptually separate. In contrast, I am to argue here for the necessary link between moral knowledge and moral motivation by discussing the concept of knowledge. At first, I am to describe the problem in more details. For that purpose I will make a distinction between “knowledge of” and “coming up to” morality in order to make clearer a gap between moral view and moral action, which becomes the most significant in the case of explicit moral judgment. Then I will show with the help of some examples why such gap is problematic. Second, I will argue for moral judgment and moral motivation to be connected by activeness of Subject. In order to do that I will turn not to motivation, but to judgment. My actual claim here is that knowledge should be considered through first person perspective. I will show that moral knowledge should not be considered as pure information, but as also an active point of view of a person. Therefore, moral motivation and moral knowledge are necessarily linked by this activeness. And here is the place for moral responsibility because of such ownership.