Управление рисками при осуществлении государственного контроля в России
The article deals with the organization and functioning of the risk management system in the sphere of state control. In Russia, a risk-based approach is being actively developed in some areas of public administration, but it is not universal. Full implementation of risk management systems will improve the efficiency of state inspection, as well as the comfort of doing business. The aim of the article is to summarize and analyze the Russian experience of risk management in state control, as well as the formation of a target model and proposals for its implementation.
The authors have proposed definitions of «risk» and «risk management system» that are applied to the sphere of state control (supervision). The article discusses two basic elements of risk management: risk assessment procedure and measures to minimize risk.
The article contains a description and classification of risks assessment, based on the analysis of the following elements: an object, the scale, the manner and method of evaluation. With regard to risk minimization measures the authors examined the existing differentiation of administrative regimes of the economic activities start, mandatory requirements and procedures of state control, based on the level of potential hazard controlled entity (object).
The article presents a general description of all the risk management systems, which are currently used in 12 kinds of control. The authors developed a target model of the risk-based approach in the sphere of state control, and formulated 10 basic principles, the implementation of which will create a high-performance risk management system in the monitoring activities.