Типы психологического отношения к табакокурению некурящих представителей молодежи (предварительные результаты исследования)
The article presents the preliminary results of an empirical study of psychological types of attitudes to smoking. A methodological base of this study is the concept of the psychological relationship of individual and group subjects of joint activity. In the structure of mental attitude can be identified such as a cognitive component (knowledge and recognition of the harm of smoking on the body), the emotional component - emotional evaluation of the phenomenon of "smoking" behavioral component - a willingness to defend their right to "smoke-free" space in a collision of interests with a person who smokes. Based on the theoretical analysis of the socio-psychological studies of the problem of tobacco use and the phenomenon of "relationship" it has been suggested the existence of five theoretical type of psychological attitude to smoking, built on the relationship of emotional and behavioral components of the psychological attitude: neutral, emotionally negative, controversial, defend their rights, sharply negative. To collect empirical data we used such techniques as author's questionnaire "Research psychological attitude to smoking," technique "The level of relations" values "and" accessibility "in various spheres of life" (E.B. Fantalova), color test relations with regard to smoking, semantic differential To select groups of subjects we used cluster analysis. Four clusters was found. Respondents who got in the first cluster, correlate with the theoretical 5 type, the respondents of the second - with type 1, respondents of the third and the fourth clusters correspond to the theoretical type 2, but have significant differences in the cognitive component of psychological relationships. Lack of respondent groups, whose results were related to the third and fourth types of theoretical, requires further study.