Про опросы и массовое сознание
The article analyzes the phenomenon that has appeared in recent years in the public eye - a very high figures of support of top officials and their policies. Based on the work of Bourdieu and Blumer, the author elaborates approaches to the understanding of public opinion and, by using examples, shows the reaction of the mass consciousness to the intensive information pressure. The conclusion is made that the observed phenomenon is determined by the strong attitudes towards the nature of power and its regulatory functions. Power as no alternative figure of a tough leader who will be able to provide a "rule of law" is a massive expectation, the origin of which is more complicated than a simple reaction to the uncontested propaganda. Mass surveys just fix these values.
This article describes the results of sociological research on estimation of condition and development prospects of federalism in Russia, which was conducted by ZIRCON Research Group in January - May 2011. The opinion of population and elite groups of four regions about the foundations of Russian federalism development, administrative-territorial system of the Russian Federation and its principles, relations between subjects-regions and federative centre is presented. The results of the research indicate that at the moment a request for political and administrative autonomy of the subjects of the Federation is not obviously formulated by either citizens or regional elite groups. Regional identity is not a common phenomenon. The authors mark out necessary factors of federalism development: expansion of economic self-dependence of regions, existence of ethno-national or regional identity of citizens, democratization and decentralization.
This volume brings together twenty four articles by eminent historians from around Europe, presented in form of papers at the international conference on the Crimean War (1853-1856) held in Warsaw in 2007.
The article analyses the struggle of the broad public circles in the U.S. against the outbreak of the Cold War, attempts to maintain an alliance with the USSR.
Based on the data of European Social Survey we made a research of the opinion of the middle class on the welfare and social assistance, the main functions of the state in resolving a number of social issues in different countries with different models of social policy. The results of investigation showed that the population's vision of the role of the government in solution of the social problems, as well as of its general functions is different in various countries. Besides we can speak about a certain difference of attitudes of the middle class and working class regarding the social support program.
social policies, Middle class, working class, Public opinion, welfare
Presentation of possibilities of the new for the humanities method of analyzing dynamics going into digital ranges - wavelet analysis method that, unlike traditional methods, does not constrain digital range mathematical characteristics strictly and also allows finding unobvious processes and natural laws is the aim of this work.