Концепции профессиональных ролей современного HR-менеджера
The article represents theoretical overview of studies on HR-managers’ professional roles.The scientific works of foreign authors, describing different concepts of role behavior in HR-management sphere, wereanalyzed. The special emphasis was laid on the “change agent” role of HR professionals. The work areas of HR-manager as “change agent” were proposed. The paper identifies the necessity of HRM approachchange: from reactive to proactive behavior models.
The aim of this study was the diagnosis of the causes of psychological and organizational barriers of the personnel’s resistance to changes. We used a standardized interview method based on a questionnaire developed by the authors. The respondents were thirty HR-managers of Nizhny Novgorod business companies representing different sectors of the economy. The study showed that the resistance of the personnel to changes has a medium intensity and a passive form. The resultsrevealed that the leading role in the resistance of personnel to changes play individual psychological causes and organizational barriers. It is found that among individual psychological causes, inertia has the greatest impact on the resistance of personnel to changes, and in the second place, there is the fear of negative consequences of the changes. HR-managers are actively involved in the management of organizational change, including overcoming the resistance of the personnel to changes. To overcome the psychological causes of resistance of personnel HR-managers use "soft" methods of interpersonal influence: teaching, explanation and psychological support, and to overcome organizational barriers –administrative methods.
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы