Переживание благодарности как личностный ресурс: к постановке проблемы
The gratitude phenomenon in the historical and social context has been investigated. Its protective functions in the people’ well-being have been shown. 280 respondents participated in the survey (75 males), Mage=22.3. The Gratitude Questionnaire (GQ-6) by Emmons and McCullough, CES-D Scale, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale were used. The correlation and multi-regression analyses were performed. In accordance to our expectations, the significant negative connections with depression scores, and positive with self-esteem, and resilience scores have been revealed. In addition, gender differences have been found: in males, the gratitude score is lower but contributes to the well-being stronger. Both hypotheses on the resource function of the gratitude and on the gender specificity of this connection have been proved.