Development and Validation of the Constructivist Supervisor Scale
The purpose of this research was to develop an instrument for assessing constructivist counselor supervision practices. In an exploratory mode, we also tested supervisee preferences regarding constructivist supervision. Items consistent with constructivist supervision were developed based on a thorough review of the literature and rated by experts in constructivist supervision. Counselors currently receiving supervision (n = 308, 81% female) responded to these items, indicating the extent to which their current or most recent supervisor adhered to these constructivist practices during supervision. Principal components analysis results revealed three main components of constructivist supervision practice: warm and non-directive relationship, past and present experiences, and acceptance of various styles. Preliminary evidence for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity of the scale items are reported. Participants also indicated the degree to which they preferred their supervisors’ constructivist practices. The Constructivist Supervisor Scale may be used in future research focused on supervision processes as well as in practice to assess the degree to which these core constructivist methods are used during supervision.