Психотерапевтический потенциал биологической обратной связи: эмпирическое исследование
The findings of an empirical study conducted with the help of an original procedure of feedback are discussed. Two psychologically opposite instructions determining attitude to inner experience were used to model direction of assessing and assessment. It was discovered that in the process of assessing inner experience feedback has a number of therapeutic effects. The finding could be used in studying therapeutic developments.
The article discusses the problems of such psychological and social practices, such as pet therapy, pets use in therapy. The subject of this research is the methodological basis of Animal-assisted therapy as a practical field of activity of modern psychologists, social workers and other helping professions. The paper discusses the reasons which cause the specifics of this direction in the therapeutic work, and discusses the possibility of using Animal-assisted therapy in various categories of clients. The methods of this study were made by theoretical analysis of Russian and foreign scientific literature in psychology and social work. In this paper, the authors give a description of modern therapeutic practices such as pet therapy and consider the possibilities of using this technology in working with clients psychologists and experts in social work. The paper highlights the main groups of problems and areas of work, which can be used by pets, although this list may not be fully represented, as research in this area still continuing.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.