The essays in this volume reveal and explore litigation strategies and arguments in defense of human rights in familiar cases in Europe and in North America. Among the authors are several experienced litigators from the US and Canada, and from new democracies such as Poland or Russia, who share their insight on the unfolding of constitutional arguments in seminal cases. Their contributions reveal little-known details about famous developments in jurisprudence and advocacy strategies, which often prove instrumental for a more informed understanding of subsequent developments.
Legal protection from acts of unfair competition requires application of efficient government measures towards offenders. These measures should guarantee private and public interests, and also to promote discontinuation of a violation and restoration of the position of a victim. These legal remedies have their own general features and peculiarities both in France and Russia. Fore example, according to the French law, courts play a key role in application of sanctions. At the same time, France has wide experience of application of civil sanctions imposed for unfair competition which may be of use to domestic public authorities.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/