Development of the portal of cultural heritage objects the Kingdom of Poland
Historical and cultural heritage – is the material and spiritual values created in the past and relevant for the conservation and development of the identity of a people, its contribution to world civilization. Immovable objects of historical and cultural heritage (monuments of history and culture) make up its material basis and form a national historical and cultural environment. The objects of cultural heritage includes immovable property, arising from historical events, which are valuable from the point of view of history, archeology, architecture, urban planning, art, etc., and are evidence of epochs and civilizations, the true source of information about the origin and development of culture.
The main objectives of the preprint was to map and give an account of the Viking Route heritage sites located in Russia, to reveal the most important of them and to analyse their status today when it comes to maintenance, marketing and open up for tourism. This book is edited within the Framework Contract: Study on the Viking Route Heritage Sites in Russia financed by the European Commission and implemented by HTSPE and EuroTrends. The idea behind this book is to highlight to the public the deep interaction that were at hand between the Scandinavian countries and the states on the eastern side of the Baltic Sea in the Viking Age, and point out our common history.
Discover Târnave Valley and its medieval monuments with a guide-book which will lead your steps, eyes, and thoughts towards ensembles and details! Gather in your soul the beuty of some monuments which make Romania and Transylvania famous! "Monumente Medievale de pe Valea Târnavelor" [Medieval Monuments on Târnave Valley] – we continue the trip started with Bucovina and Oltenia! - a well-documented text by authors who are specialists in the history of medieval art and restoration; - over 700 unpublished images – aerial, interior and exterior ensembles, details of mural painting made at the scaffolding level, during restoration; - map of monuments and routes proposals; - ground plans of monuments and ensembles. 15 of the most representative medieval and cultural landmarks of the area are presented: reformed (Calvinist) church in the village of Alma, evangelical (Lutheran) churches in the villages of Aţel, Băgaciu, Biertan, Brateiu, Curciu, Dârlos, Ighişu Nou, Mălâncrav, Moşna, Nemşa, Richiş, and Şmig, as well as the main examples of religious and secular architecture in the towns of Mediaş and Sighişoara. Together with architecture and sculpture, there are presented also the mural paintings which – most often than not – embellish these buildings, as well as the objecst with artistic and historical value (winged altarpieces, furniture, liturgical inventory, etc.) housed inside.
Today, there are problems associated with the need to preserve the natural and geographical landscape of the Republic of Tatarstan, with the disclosure and promotion of the tourism and recreational potential, as well as of the development of environmental education among all segments of the population. In this regard, there arose an urgent need to develop and to pay particular attention to the promotion of the unique nature of Tatarstan. Among the methods used in the study a comparative analytical and scientific synthesis occupies an important place. This paper shows the diversity and characteristics of natural monuments of the Republic of Tatarstan. We have determined the tourist and recreational potential (Gabdrakhmanov N.K., Vladimir, Rubtzov; Marat, Mustafin, 2014, p.247-253; Gabdrakhmanov N.K., Roshko, Mikhail, 2014, p.267-271) of the natural monuments of an individual region of Russia. We have assessed the prospects for the use of natural monuments with the development of new tourism destinations in the republic. In this paper, we have conducted a spatial analysis of the distribution and development of natural monuments in the region, identified natural monuments with the greatest tourist potential, analyzed some of the historical events that had contributed to the creation of natural monuments and determined their diversity. Unlocking the potential of natural monuments allows achieving a significant growth of tourist flows into the country and implementing various activities aimed at preservation of natural and landscaped areas. This development will enable a vast multilingual audience to read and join in the project of conservation of the native nature, to look from the new position at one of the economically emerging and well-known in the international arena huge republic. The development of this area will be also relevant for the youth of the Republic of Tatarstan in the implementation of the Republican target environmental education strengthening programme.
Purpose. In 2013 and in 2014, Federal Law No. 73-FZ of 25 June 2002 “On Cultural Heritage Objects (Monuments of History and Culture) of the Nations of the Russian Federation” was amended, including, the conceptual apparatus of the cultural heritage system. The latter is divided into tangible and intangible objects; the material cultural heritage includes monuments of history and culture. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Objects of cultural heritage, according to legislative definition, have a complex composite structure, which requires analysis and systematization, since at the moment this concept and related to it are used in other acts of substantive law, in particular, in the Criminal Code. Methodology: analysis, synthesis, legal, structural, functional, axiological methods. Conclusions. The object of cultural heritage has the following features: the immovable nature of the cultural heritage object (and associated movable objects and archaeological objects until they are included in the Museum Fund of the Russian Federation), anthropogenic character, age and cultural value of the cultural heritage object — is of fundamental importance as the basis for assigning the object the status of an object of cultural heritage, formal status in the Unified State Register of Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Russian Federation. Scientific and practical significance. The carried out research allows to specify the concept of objects of a cultural heritage and its component parts, thus, defining, in particular, subjects of crimes and offenses that encroach on monuments of history and culture. The findings of this study can be used to create regulatory legal acts that regulate the protection of cultural heritage sites, as well as to be applied in the training process in the training of specialists in the field of criminal and administrative law.
This paper is in English. It does not have a specific annotation because it was not presupposed by the book format
In present extended abstract cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, is considered as a facilitator of cultural and event tourism development in rural territories.
Tourism development in St. Petersburg, which is a major cultural centre, has improved in terms of the tourist flow; both tourism types and tourist products have become more diverse. These improvements give ground for a fairly optimistic prognosis for the tourist industry in St. Petersburg. At the same time, there are a number of factors which tend to endanger sustainable development of tourism in St. Petersburg. The current situation calls for a more flexible and innovative approach to industry development. Among these factors we can single out the pronounced seasonal character of tourism, short-term visits of most of the tourists, the rather conservative, academic image of the St. Petersburg culture, which compromises the city’s appeal as a tourist destination for certain tourist segments. Apart from that, the critical limitation imposed on the development of cultural tourism in general and of creative tourism in particular is the low involvement of the population in cultural and tourist events held in the city. All in all this makes it relevant to look for new approaches for creative tourism development in St. Petersburg as an important tool for the sustainable development of the industry.
The article aims at considering the existing and potential competitive advantages of St. Petersburg as a tourist destination on the basis of creative tourism development.