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Article

Метод оценки дружественности жилища: опросник «Функциональность домашней среды»

Психологический журнал. 2015. Т. 36. № 4. С. 71-83.
Нартова-Бочавер С. К., Резниченко С. И., Дмитриева Н. С., Кузнецова В. Б., Брагинец Е. И.

The importance to study and evaluate living environments, particularly home environments is discussed. It is noted that home (exactly dwelling) is a crucial environmental and social resource to maintain psychological well-being. The concept of friendliness of the home environment is introduced. Based on the theoretical review as well as using the laddering interview, the actualization constructs technique (G. Kelly’s minimum context method) and the endless sentences method there were identified 55 constructs underlying developed by authors questionnaire ‘Functionality of dwelling environment’. In total, 592 respondents participated in the survey (221 male, 371 female, with average age of 16.3, Me = 18.4, SD = 5.2). The four factor structure of the questionnaire fits empiric data best and consists of 4 scales: Usability, Development, Stability and Security. The primary psychometric characteristics of the tool are described. The prospects of its application are sketched.