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The article explores the professionalization process in the field of sports in Russia. It is based on empirical research which consisted in biographic interviews with professional tennis players and secondary analysis of publications. The theoretical background of the article belongs to sociology of professions and sociology of sports. A brief review of sociology of sports as independent academic discipline is made. The article shows relations between sportsmen from different sports, mass communication and leisure. Authors make conceptual distinction between amateur and professional tennis and show how the social status of parents influences the success of tennis players. This research pioneers in the academic study of tennis players professional environment.
The article is concerned with results of content analysis of textbooks for high school in the area of social and human sciences. The author uses the typology of values introduced by S. Schwartz which consists of two value axes — “conservation — openness to change” and “selfassertion — caring about people and nature” — and describes values that underlie each subject area and then compares these values with results of mass surveys of the values of Russians.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.