Военный потенциал и экономические ограничения российской армии
Importance. Modern threats to military security are placing new demands on the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. These threats are addresed to their organizational structure, technical equipment, the level of military professionalism and military-economic provision. Meanwhile, the accumulated negative trends in the Russian economy significantly constrict the military-economic potential of Russia. Those reset the problem of a comprehensive analysis of military capabilities and economic restrictions of the armed forces.
Objectives. The purpose of this paper is an analysis of the potential and readiness of the armed forces to reflect modern military threats. We also analyze the economic constraints of military security of Russia, connected with the state of the military-industrial complex, military professionalism and mobilization of reserves.
Methods. In this paper, we used structural analysis of the armed forces and the military-industrial complex. We based our study on statistical data and expert assessments on the reform of the Russian army and the implementation of the state programs of armaments.
Results of analysis show that due to the receipt of troops in modern combat gear and military equipment, the introduction of information technology, modernized systems reconnaissance and targeting, the armed forces moved much closer to modern network-centric military. At the same time, the incomplete process of modernization and professionalization of the armed forces, derived from the budgetary constraints of the Russian economy, not allow to speak about full compliance of the Russian armed forces to the requirements of the combat operations of the new type.
Conclusion of the results of the research in this paper is to formulate recommendations for modernization of the Russian economy, strengthening economic, humanitarian and other factors of soft power that form the foundation of ensuring the national interests of Russia.