Поддержка талантливой молодежи: опыт России и зарубежных государств
The authors analyzed the key methods of talented students’ identification that are widely used in international and Russian practice: contests, educational outcomes, special testing and teachers’ opinions of the students. The authors note that no criterion is universal, because it is impossible to formalize talent of students, identify students with non-standard thinking and unique competences who do not possess skills of passing formal assessment in educational process. In order to enhance effectiveness of talented youth identification it is important to use all methods integrally and do not give preferences to a single one. The authors analyzed key tools of talented youth students’ support: scholarships and grants, preferences in university admission, schools for talented children under auspices of universities, classes for talented children, extra-curricular activities, summer schools, special centres for gifted children. Special attention is given to introduction of educational programs and methods of working with gifted children, parents and teachers. The article presents a retrospective analysis of measures that the RF government has taken since 1999 to identify and support gifted students. The authors make a conclusion that the present legislation that regulates these activities is quite controversial; it is not uncommon that mechanisms of program documents’ implementation are absent.