Креативность отечественных профессионалов: Опыт международных трудовых коллективов в России
Specificity of modern Russian labour and management culture can be regarded as one of the factors that constrain creativity and as a consequence innovativeness of Russian economy. At the same time native managers show conservatism and avoid application of western management practices as irrelevant Russian conditions. In that case it might be supposed that exactly in multinational teams progressive transformation of labour and management culture is taking place. The article aimed at investigating influence of labour culture on creativity in international workgroups in Russia. The paper is an attempt to reveal specific features of Russian labour culture which may encourage or restrain creativity. Furthermore it discloses possible positive changes of native labour culture influenced by foreign practices that stimulate creativity.
It has been learned that Russian professionals mainly uninvolved in working process. It means, that they don’t interested in the meaning and results of their work. Reflection about alternative means of goal achievement isn’t inherent in their way of working. Accordingly Russian professionals demonstrate lack of initiative and they have need of tight control of supervisor. An employee feels responsibility for formal adherence to instructions not for result. Russians don’t try to change or cancel decisions of the supervisor, even if that decisions is absurd or useless. Metaphorically Russian style of working may be called as “service” and distinguished from Western style. Result is important in Western style, but process is important in Russian. Denoted specificity of Russian professionals is a serious problem for foreign managers trying to rule them. Several respondents show some techniques that may help to stimulate Russians work creative. However nobody of them has achieved stable successful result.