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Article

Поэтическая трилогия о правлении мамлюкских султанов

Article is prepared on the basis of the unpublished manuscript from the State library of Berlin and devoted to the poetic trilogy about Mamluk sultans which was written by two authors - Muhammad Shams al-Din al-Ba'uni (1378-1466) and his nephew, Muhammad b. Yusuf b. ’Ahmad al-Ba'uni (died in 1505). One of the authors was Barquq's contemporary (1382-1399) - the founder of the Circassian sultanate, another became the witness of a decline of former power мамлюков. In spite of the fact that time of writing of the first and last part of the trilogy divides nearly seventy years, the work is characterised by stylistic unity, a composition having continuity, as well as the similar position of authors in an assessment of occurring events. The first poem contains short and, sometimes, well-aimed to aphoristic nature the characteristic of Mamluk sultans from ’Aybek (1250-1257) to Barsbey (1422-1438). Mahomed b. Yusuf’s poem is called "Worthy and wittiest words about al-Malik al-Sa'id al '-’Ashraf’s life". It is about sultans from Yusuf al-Malik al-‘Aziz (1438), the son of Barsbey, to Kaitbey (1468-1496). In the last part of the trilogy Mahomed b. Yusuf al-Ba'uni told about Qaitbey and his military victories, and also about sultans al-Malik al-Nasir ’Abu as-Sa'adat (1496-1498), ‘Abu Sa'id Qansuh Al-Zahir (1498-1500), al-’Ashraf Janbulat (1500-1501), al-‘Adil Tumanbey (1501) and Qansuh al-Guri (1501-1516).