О некоторых принципах и подходах к построению коллективной когнитивной карты ситуации группой экспертов
One of the most important branches of cognitive-map-based tools development is constructing a cognitive map being an integrated model of knowledge by a group of experts. We survey the procedures for group maps construction suggested by leading theo-rists and practitioners and analyze the risks incurred by these tech-niques and their reliability. We show that a typical procedure of building a group map employs formal aggregation (averaging) of expert estimates with no analysis of experts’ points of view and no necessary reconciliation. We suggest a number of principles and routines to expert estimates’ reconciliation and clusterization, which result in a more reasonable opinion aggregation.