Модели управления общеобразовательной организацией в условиях реформ: опыт социологического анализа [Patterns of Managing Secondary Schools under Reforms: Sociological Analysis Experience]
The article provides results of a sociological study of management patterns applied to secondary schools in modern Russia. Focus groups with school principals were organized in eight pilot regions of Russia in October—November 2014. The project aimed at constructing a typology of management patterns, which we regard as a configuration of relations associated with teaching process management. Four basic patterns were singled out: “authoritarian manager”, “democratic manager”, “authoritarian leader” and “democratic leader”. They were built together following the merge of two criteria: delegation regimes, i. e. steady patterns of interrelation between principals and other subjects and agents of management, as well as subjectivity of principals, i. e. their ability to independently determine and implement the organization’s mission. Each pattern is described based on the example of FGOS (Federal State Educational Standard) introduction in elementary schools. It is demonstrated that the choice of a specific management pattern is determined by a wide range of factors and is situational, i. e. depends on the goal and context of management activities. Potential of the identified management patterns is discussed in terms of efficient implementation of reforms.
The paper presents the results of the study of subjective qualities as a basis for effective development of schoolchildren's abilities in the learning process. The author proposes an approach to the interpretation of the concepts of a subject and subjectivity, outlines approaches to the development of particular models of subjectivity, determining the effectiveness of various activities. The paper presents the model of subjectivity, which is manifested in the development of students' abilities, as well as the results of its empirical testing. The given workmay be of interest both in theoretical and applied aspects. The results of the study are of high relevance to the educational systems aimed at maximum effective development of students, selection and further workwith gifted children.
This study is devoted to the consideration of the peculiarities of organizational leadership research. The researches of leadership in organizations are often aimed at revealing the relationships between power and leadership, the influence of different leadership styles on organizational successfulness which can be connected both with production and employees. In every research definite leadership styles and particular aspects of organizational successfulness are selected. The effectiveness of a leadership style is determined by different situational factors. Methods which can be relevant for organizational leadership research are observed in this study.
Лидерство, организационное лидерство, организация, Власть, СОЦИОЛОГИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ, МЕТОДЫ, Leadership, organizational leadership, Organization, Power, Sociological research, relevant methods
The article deals with an approach which is quite new for public administrationresearch, that of psychological analysis of public administration institutions,using the concept of social identity. Th e article focuses on the development of theapproach in psychology, and its applicability for studying relationship betweenindividuals and groups of people in an institution.
In today's world leadership is one of the most interesting phenomena of social life. Everyone is positioning itself as a leader or (control ), or as a slave . Especially clearly expressed by the youth , as this is the age is finally formed the character and temperament of a person that influence the manifestation of his leadership qualities. The importance and relevance of the study of leadership is due to the capabilities of its influence on personality development and the formation of an active life position assumes optimal involvement in collective leadership and execution functions. Phenomenon of leadership is also important for such municipal structures as higher education institutions. Dwell on the Higher School of Economics - Nizhny Novgorod - the university , with a strong personality , with a set of features that define its uniqueness. University has positioned itself as a leader among the socio - economic trends in education , being the only one in this area by the National Research University. From March to October 2012 the study was conducted , the number of respondents - 302 people . Objective: to determine whether the youth HSE - Nizhny Novgorod human identity as the leader of reality. Research objectives: • identify the gender , age aspects of leadership ; • analyze the interaction of men and women in the groups ; • consider the impact of the physical location of a person , tone and volume of his voice on the manifestation of leadership skills and abilities. The object of the study were students and applicants enrolled in the center of preliminary training , HSE - Nizhny Novgorod in age from 18 to 23 years, subject - the difference between self-identity and opinion leader group.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.