"Шкала мировоззрения": возможности и ограничения
The paper analyzes the method of identifying the worldviews of individuals: its theoretical foundations dating back to the works by M.Douglas (describing four types of cultures – individualistic, hierarchical, egalitarian and fatalistic) and its empirical implementation proposed by S.Rippl. Test-retest reliability of the method and its internal consistency are evaluated with the data from an online-survey. Evaluation of the construct validity of this method is based on the empirical study examining the value of human life. It is shown that a particular type of respondent’s worldview (that is operationalized using a set of normative judgments on various topics – work, family, values, etc.) has a weak effect upon the value that the respondent attributes to the human life. Few cases of the revealed worldview’s influence on judgment (under certain circumstances members of hierarchy evaluate human life higher than individualists and egalitarians are characterized by the highest propensity to save people whose lives are threatened) suggest a low construct validity of the method.