Экономическое развитие российской деревни в XIX веке: пора ли подводить историографические итоги?
The article analyzes current Russian historiography of Russia's agrarian development in the nineteenth century and formulates prospectives for future researches on the topic.
In the monograph authors describe transformation of the agrarian relations in the subject of the Russian Federation for the considerable period of time. This research will be useful for the representatives of managerial practice, scientists, graduate students and students who are interested in problems of the village and methods of their decision.
The article analyzes rhetorical constructions that let the Russian Empire's elite to "invent the tradition" of resolving the urgent "peasant issue".
The ‘food regime’ approach was introduced as a historical method of “incorporated comparison” (P. McMichael). This comparison of the role of agriculture in the world-system made some scholars overemphasize an excessively unitary and coherent global food regime. The authors recognize this approach as a historical-comparative analytical tool to understand global trends, but argue that the Russian and Brazilian agrarian development question some ideas of the food regime approach. The contemporary positions of two countries in the global markets also prove the divergences in their positioning in the food regime genealogy. The paper focuses on the production and export of soy and wheat which do not represent the entire agrarian economy of Brazil and Russia but allow to compare two countries’ strategies of the international trade and in domestic markets. First, the authors briefly discuss the historical routes Russia and Brazil have taken in the agricultural development and global food markets; then they analyze the radical changes that followed the Russian perestroika and the Brazilian re-democratization in the late 1980s and led to the consolidation of neoliberal policies in the 1990s. After that the paper describes the turn of both countries to the ‘neo-developmental state’ that supported the export-oriented policies for the agribusiness but combined them with domestic food security and sovereignty policies. Finally, the authors conclude that despite differing trajectories both Russia and Brazil cannot be considered parts of the neoliberal food regime due to the fact that the contemporary period should be rather defined as a paradigmatic crisis and a co-existence of two or more food regimes.
The article analyzes various ideological schemes and administrative decisions on the so called "peasant issue" in 1860s-1880s.
The article considers the impact of the Russia's revolution of 1905-1907 on the elites' position in "peasant issue"