«Габитус факультета» и социализация студентов классического университета
This paper presents the results of a theoretical and empirical study of collective habituses rooted in a classical type of a Russian university and of their impact on the socialization of the students, their chances of getting high-quality professional education and their future social status. The object of study is the faculty of social sciences and humanities of a classical University, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, that has experienced a rapid growth in the post-perestroika period. In the course of a standardized questionnaire survey, the opinions and assessments of students of the first and last years in all areas of studies were collected on a wide range of issues affecting their studies and life in an innovative university. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained, conclusions were formulated in the context of P. Bourdieu’s theory of capital and habitus on the role of the University as a significant agent of students' socialization, of shaping their attitudes towards professional life, the grounds for maintaining and/or developing social inequality in society. In practical terms, the results of the study provide the basis for developing a model of academic supervision at the Faculty of Social Sciences, and for modernizing educational, research and character building work with students.